Fluxes in the global energy budget

Zagoni (2016)

Integer flux structure projected on Stephens and L'Ecuyer (2015):


Equilibrium integer flux structure projected on Wild et al. (2015):


Equilibrium integer flux structure in Loeb et al. (2015)

* * *

Equilibrium IR-opaque single-layer cloud area fraction
connected to all-sky planetary emissivity


New cloud area fraction (including more thin clouds, lower visible optical depth):

Cloud IR emissivity:

Effective IR-opaque cloud area fraction
= observed fraction x IR emissivity
~ 0.68 x 0.86 = 0.585

Equilibrium planetary albedo constrained to